Photographs by David Galjaard.
168 pp., color illustrations throughout, 8¼x13½".
Fearing an attack from abroad, Albanian Stalinist leader Enver Hoxha had around 750,000 above-ground bunkers built during his time in power, from 1945 until his death in 1985. After the collapse of communism in 1991, the virtually indestructible bunkers were deprived of their unfulfilled purpose, serving purely as an obtrusive reminder of a dictatorship that had had lasted for almost fifty years.
Today their massed presence seems mainly to impress foreigners, while Albanians themselves prefer to look to the future. Although accession to the EU is expected to take at least another ten years, the population has a sense of being ready for it.
In this documentary, the bunkers are used as a visual metaphor in the telling of a larger social story. They help to paint a picture of developments in a country that was the last in Europe to renounce communism and has set out on a demanding quest to become part of the capitalist West.
Concresco was published in a print run of 750, of which 78 copies were a special edition. During the printing process, a small printing error occurred in approximately 150 copies of the standard edition (see second photo on this page, left side of the spread).
All such books have been embossed inside with the words ‘Almost Perfect Edition’.
At this point, the only copies available are of the ‘Almost Perfect Edition’.
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